Government Information

This guide has links to Federal governmental resources.

Introduction to Datasets

A dataset is a collection of data. Datasets are a valuable resource for researchers because numerical and other types of information has already been assembled (always verify the credentials of the assembler of any data used). The datasets listed on this page in sections below are from governmental sites, so the information has been gathered in an official capacity.

CSU affiliates may read these encyclopedic descriptions and discussion of data online:

  • "Data." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. Ed. William A. Darity, Jr.. Vol. 2. 2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2008. 234-237. As used in the social sciences.
  • "Data mining." Sudha Ram in Computer Sciences. Ed. Roger R. Flynn. Vol. 4: Electronic Universe. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002. 58-63.
  • "Data warehousing." Elke A. Rundensteiner in Computer Sciences.  Ed. Roger R. Flynn. Vol. 4: Electronic Universe. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2002. 63-65.


Data. Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment.

Datasets are arranged by: topic/category; Colorado Health and Environmental Data (CHED); Data Request System; Colorado Health Information Dataset (CoHID); Colorado Environmental Health Tracking; Colorado Health Indicators; Maps and spatial data; and Colorado's 10 Winnable Battles. Also link to Health statistics contact information.

Colorado in City-Data (listed below under Datasets local).

Colorado Information Marketplace.

Colorado's open data. Broad categories are: Agriculture, Business, Education, Government, Health, Public Safety, Recreation, and Water.

Datasets--US Federal

As of August 2019 over 236,000 datasets identified. Most are federal data. Search by keywords. Datasets are also arranged by topics:

    • Agriculture
    • Business
    • Climate
    • Consumer
    • Ecosystems
    • Education
    • Energy
    • Finance
    • Health
    • Local Government
    • Manufacturing
    • Ocean
    • Public Safety
    • Science & Research

Most of the datasets are listed under "data"; ecosystems are under "data hubs." Depending upon the topic, other categories are available. The US Department of Commerce Data Sets discusses the types of datasets from their area available on this site.

These datasets listed below may also be linked to under the site/topics above.

Data and Statistics (USDA). United States Department of Agriculture.

Categories, that include descriptions of what is collected, are: Economic Research Service; Foreign Agricultural Service; National Agricultural Statistics Service; Rural Development; and World Agricultural Outlook Board.  See also Agricultural Exchange Rate Data Set.

Data Tools - Locators (Education). National Center for Education Statistics. Institute of Education Sciences.

Separate databases covering various types of schools. DataLab covers multiple topics.

Datasets (USDA). United States Department of Agriculture. Agriculture Research Service.

Arranged by broad topic: Chemistry and Biochemistry; Food and Nutrition; Genetics; Germplasm ["genetic material"--name given to that which propagates a plant]; Natural Resources; Systematics(Taxonomic Classification).

Financial Statement Data Sets. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.Updated quarterly. 2009- .

Zip files. Has "selected information extracted from exhibits to corporate financial reports filed with the Commission using eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL). The information is presented without change from the "as filed" annual and quarterly financial reports submitted by each registrant. The data is presented in a flattened format to help users analyze and compare it. The data sets also contain additional fields including a company's Standard Industrial Classification to facilitate the data's use."

Geospatial. Dataset type.

As of August 2019 over 141,000 datasets. Narrow down by topics such as local government, climate, and ecosystems; topic categories such as Pacific Islands, Arctic, biodiversity, transportation; tags such as noaa, oceans, earth science, gps, ships; formats such at HTML, XML, PDF, Excel, CSV, originator data format; organization types such as Federal government, State, University; organizations such as National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Park Service; and publisher such as U.S. Fish and Wildlife. Narrowing tags can be arranged by popular (default), alphabetical, and number. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services.

Datasets arranged by: health, Medicare, state, national, hospital, community, quality, and inpatient. Formats of resources include csv, rdf, json, text/xml, html, xsl, bin, text, zip, xls, and others. Check licensing.

Hydrography. National Hydrography Dataset (NHD); Watershed Boundary Dataset (WBD). USGS.

"The NHD represents the drainage network with features such as rivers, streams, canals, lakes, ponds, coastline, dams, and streamgages [ways to obtain estimates of the amount of water flowing in streams and rivers]. The WBD represents drainage basins as enclosed areas in eight different size categories." Get NHD Data describes how to access the data and use. Five ways to access; scroll down to see descriptions.

Science On a Sphere. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

By: air, water, space, snow & ice, people, and land. Extras are overlays and special effects.

Datasets--International Information

The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

"The World Factbook, produced for US policymakers and coordinated throughout the US Intelligence Community, marshals facts on every country, dependency, and geographic entity in the world. . . . The Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, energy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities." Country comparison allow for selected data to be viewed on the same page and Download dataprovides a raw text version of the information. In addition to numerical data, there are maps and images of flags of the world.

Datasets--Local: State & City


Search for cities, schools, neighborhoods, assessments, restaurants, and sex offenders state-by-state. Bigger cities have 6000+ residents; smaller cities, towns, and villages have 1000-6000, and very small towns and villages have fewer than 1000. A camera indicates photographs from that location. Get data such a income, race, household make-up, residential value, commute time, marital status, crime, air pollution, housing costs, population, year house built, vacancy status, poor families, poverty status, presidential election results 1996- , ancestries reported by percentage, educational attainment, school enrollment, mortgage status, mean/median number of bedrooms, and a lot more (at least for bigger cities).


Datasets--Environmentally Related

Climate Data Online: Dataset Discovery. National Centers for Environmental Information. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Not available during shutdown '18-'19.

  • Annual Summaries
  • Daily Summaries
  • Monthly Summaries
  • Normals Annual/Seasonal
  • Normals Daily
  • Normals Hourly
  • Normals Monthly
  • Precipitation 15 Minute
  • Precipitation Hourly
  • Weather Radar (Level II)
  • Weather Radar (Level III)


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