VM603 Fall 2019

Find Empirical Studies


  • From a peer-reviewed journal
  • Search databases for studies using keywords for your topic
    • ​Use the PICO format to brainstorm keywords
    • If there is a lot of literature on your topic, add in keywords related to study types ("randomised," "randomized," "cohort," etc.)
  • Cite using JAVMA citation format (see page 8)


  • Review articles are not considered empirical articles for this assignment
  • Conference proceedings, working papers, dissertations, etc. are not peer-reviewed