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SPCM200: Public Speaking

Library research support for SPCM200 students.

Online APA help


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All about DOIs

What is a DOI?

A digital object identifier, or DOI, is a unique code assigned to each published article that helps to identify and manage the article online.

The APA style guide now requires the inclusion of the DOI when you cite a periodical (assuming that a DOI is available). Some brief examples are below; for complete citation guidelines, consult the official "Publication Manual of the APA."

Periodical with a DOI (7th edition):

Cleary, A., & Reyes, N. (2009). Scene recognition without identification. Acta Psychologica, 131, 53-62.

Periodical with no DOI (7th edition):

Silick, T.J., & Shutte, N. S. (2006). Emotional intelligence and self esteem mediate between perceived early parental love and adult happiness. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38-48.

Look up a DOI

Need to identify a DOI?'s Simple Text Query web site allows you to enter citations and easily locate existing DOIs. (Note: Users have to register with a valid e-mail address first.)

Use Zotero

Zotero is a free citation management software that allows you to store and organize your research.  Here are some features of Zotero:

  • Store and organize references
  • Easily capture citation information from web pages and databases
  • Generate bibliographies
  • Use with Word to create citations and bibliographies
See our Zotero guide for walkthroughs of how to use Zotero, or schedule a one-on-one consultation with Renae for a lesson.


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